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OVER THE PAST SEVEN YEARS, the number of physical reprisals and terrorist acts against Christians in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East has increased by 309%.

The Arab Spring has added momentum to this process, causing it to snowball. By the end of last year, 200,000 Copts had left their homes to escape the repressions of the new Egyptian authorities. Notwithstanding the NATO contingents deployed in the country, the reprisals aimed against Christians in Iraq have reduced their numbers from one million to less than 500,000. According to UN data, in South Sudan, in spite of the world community's intermediation, between 53,000 and 75,000 people have been forced to leave their historical place of residence. Furthermore, they, like thousands of other Christian refugees from the East, have little chance of returning - their homes are being torn down and plundered.

Whereas at the beginning of the 20th century, 25% of Christians of all confessions lived close to their main shrines in the Middle East, today this number has shrunk to less than 5%. It is worth noting that acts of vandalism and physical reprisals are frequently carried out with the tacit support or direct assistance of the governments of Muslim countries.

In autumn 1884 Fridtjof Nansen saw an article by meteorology professor Henrik Mohn about artifacts from a wrecked American expedition ship the Jeannette which must have been carried by a current right across the Arctic Ocean. Nansen connected this theory to other finds such as the Siberian driftwood and earth that he had seen in the ice off the east coast of Greenland in 1882. 

“Let us not take for granted that life exists more fully in what is commonly thought big than in what is commonly thought small.” Virginia Woolf.

The purpose of this series of documentaries is to travel to the smallest countries of Europe, such as San Marino

Mr. President, Mr. Secretary-General, Colleagues,

The transformation processes that have set in motion the Middle East and Northern Africa reflect the aspirations of the peoples of those countries for a better life, broader opportunities for self-expression, participation in political life, greater economic and social benefits. We understand and support these sentiments.

Late in December 1921, the people's commissariats and other depart¬ments of Moscow and Petrograd were informed: "Subscription to the periodicals of the People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs (NKID) is going on. The NKID Bulletin has been replaced with the Mezhdunarodnaia zhizn journal, a much wider publication in which N. Iordansky, M. Litvinov, I. Maysky, M. Pavlovich, K. Radek, and G. Chicherin will be personally involved." This was obviously suggested by the new economic policy. The publishing department of NKID deemed it necessary to "inform all Soviet departments as well as Party and public structures that starting with January 1 free distribution of NKID publica¬tions will be discontinued... all organizations should subscribe to these editions well in advance." The circular quoted the prices: 2 rubles 65 kopeks in prewar rubles or $2.65 for subscribers abroad.

As distinct from its predecessor the new publication was a journal in the true sense of the word: it carried signed articles stamped with indi¬vidual style, commented surveys of events in other countries and of emi¬gre publications, foreign press comments, political calendar, and official information.