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An exclusive interview with Nikolai Malinov, the head of the National Russophile Movement in Bulgaria, accused of spying for Russia.Nikolai, you are accused of spying for Russia. According to Bulgarian Prosecutor General Sotir Tsatsarov, you “have been collecting information related to Bulgarian foreign policy”. Could you tell me, what evidence is the conclusion founded on? First and foremost, I would like to say that for me and my colleagues this is all but political terror and persecution for beliefs.
Russia’s President Vladimir Putin had every reason to congratulate his Armenian colleague Nikol Pashinyan with the outcome of the summit of Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) leaders that was recently held in Yerevan, where many promising decisions were made, bringing Iran, Singapore and Uzbekistan closer to this international organization. Creation of various economic associations amid the ongoing process of globalization and toughening competition is a global trend nowadays. And still, the reasons for this process in Eurasia are as much economic, as they are existential.
The news about the so-called “Steinmeier formula” having been signed by all members of the Trilateral Contact Group (TCG) came as a big surprise. All the more so, since the September 4 agreement by the political advisers to the presidents of the Normandy Four countries to endorse the proposal made a big buzz in the world media, and set off a storm of angry outrage in the Ukrainian press with a number of political and public figures, as well as representatives of nationalists all but calling President Vladimir Zelensky a traitor.
The European Union is planning to hold an important summit on Kosovo in October this year with a view to get Belgrade and Pristina to normalize bilateral relations. French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel will pose as guarantors of the deal. Reports say a senior US official may take part in the Paris summit as well. The participation of the American side was strongly advocated by the authorities in Kosovo, headed by President Hashim Thachi.​
The process of signing the handover of Russian territories in North America to the United States was moving ahead at a breakneck speed. Officials at the State Department in Washington signed off on the Alaska sale agreement at 4 am on March 30, 1867. Pointing to this unusual time of signing the transaction, many experts on Russian America describe this as a unique case in the practice of international law. It is hard to agree with this though, since everyone who has studied or is studying the history of international relations and Russian foreign policy at the Moscow Institute of International Relations know how certain agreements were signed in emergency situations.
Realizing that even he could not implement the idea of ​​selling Russian America alone, the Grand Duke, acting very carefully within the framework of the Sea Ministry, was looking for proxies to participate in the planned transaction. Since it was extremely hard to find such people among members of old Russian nobility, candidates for the role of go-betweens in the sale of Russian America were being looked for among the new aristocracy at the imperial court.
Enlisting the support of Emperor Alexander II, Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich started to vigorously promote the idea of selling Russian possessions in North America in the corridors of power in St. Petersburg. To achieve this goal, he drew up a five-point list of evidence in favor of the sale of Alaska.
Scientific studies and media publications dealing with the history of Russian America, offer a large variety of polar assessments of the activities of the Russian-American company (RAC), with some authors describing is exclusively as a state-owned enterprise, while others viewing the RAC as a family business of the Romanov dynasty. First of all, I believe that we can’t say for sure that the RAC was a joint-stock trading enterprise or a state institution.
On March 30, 1867, the Russian Empire signed the Treaty of Cession of Alaska, which envisaged the sale of Alaska to the United States. More than 150 years on, many in Russia still have second thoughts about the true motives that prompted the tsarist government to take this step. What makes the dispute so particularly acute in Russia today? Russian history is full of examples of Moscow Grand Dukes, Emperors and, later, Soviet leaders gaining or losing parts of the country’s territory as a result of wars or other upheavals.
The decision of the Indian authorities to abolish the special status of Jammu and Kashmir has caused a predictably angry reaction from Pakistan. Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan has signalled his country's readiness to use “all means available” to counteract such a “unilateral” move on the part of New Delhi. Also, a statemetn condemning the decision has been made by Beijing. According to Pakistani media, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, while in Islamabad, “stated that China would oppose any unilateral actions by India in Kashmir which could worsen the situation in the region.”