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Government officials in Poland have for the ninth time participated at the national level in the so-called Day of “Rejected Soldiers” - members of the Polish anti-Soviet underground in 1944-1963. The “Rejected Soldiers” or “Cursed Soldiers” (Źolnierze Wyklęci) is a fairly popular phrase in Polish historical discourse. By the general understanding, they are believed to have been "rejected", or "cursed" because they were destroyed and thrown into oblivion by the authorities of Socialist Poland.
  • Category: Analytics |
  • Date: 23-03-2020, 11:19
  • Views: 112
Poland’s migration policy has undergone a number of changes in recent years. Compared to 2011, when 100 thousand foreigners reportedly lived in Poland, at present their number exceeds one million. Forecasts show that in 2030 the Polish economy will need 1.5 million workers, which represents a serious internal problem for the Polish authorities. The ruling national conservative party, Law and Justice (PiS), relies on the right-wing electorate.
The painful and conflicting reaction on the part of Warsaw following President Vladimir Putin’s statement that Poland bears partial responsibility for inciting the Second World War can be explained not only by following the policy adopted by post-Socialist Poland as an ideological weapon. The practical implementation of historical policy is the responsibility of the Polish Institute of National Memory (PINM), which followed the Polish Foreign Ministry in voicing a protest against the well-grounded accusations against Poland.
  • Category: Analytics |
  • Date: 16-01-2020, 10:55
  • Views: 390
Members of the Visegrad Group (Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia) are set on expanding cooperation with India. That such cooperation is of mutual interest was confirmed by Indian Foreign Minister Subramaniam Jaishankar’s visit to Hungary and Poland in August. Hungary and Poland pursue the most active foreign policy within the Visegrad Four.​
Members of underground anti-Soviet organizations, active at the end of the Second World War and the first two post-war decades, occupy a significant place in the pantheon of modern-day Polish heroes. The Armia Krajowa (Home Army), which brought together a host of various small groups, was the dominant Polish resistance movement of that period. In Poland’s current patriotic discourse, members of the Home Army and their ideological allies are usually referred to as “cursed soldiers” (żołnierze wyklęci), whose number is estimated by modern Polish historians at between 120,000 and 180,000.
  • Category: Experts |
  • Date: 2-10-2019, 12:03
  • Views: 275
In 2007, the Polish authorities for the first time adopted a government program to promote cooperation with the Polish diaspora (Polonia) and Poles abroad. In 2002, they introduced May 2 as Day of Polonia and Poles Abroad. The strategic objectives of this program for 2015-2020 include support for the development of Polish language and culture among Poles abroad, strengthening Polish national identity among representatives of Polonia, contributing to the popularity of Polonian organizations abroad and the return of Poles living abroad to their homeland, establishing economic, scientific and cultural contacts between Poland and Polonia.
  • Category: Experts |
  • Date: 9-07-2019, 10:51
  • Views: 448
The results of the May 12, 2019 parliamentary elections in New Caledonia reflect a lingering political split in this French territory, comprising dozens of islands in the South Pacific. French loyalists won 28 seats in the 54-strong local legislature, just two seats more than the advocates of the region’s greater autonomy and even complete independence from Paris.
Cambodia, which is located between Thailand and Vietnam and has a 440-kilometer coastal zone which is separated from the rest of the country by a mountain ridge, is in need of a “third neighbor” in order to survive economically and politically, and for improving its export opportunities. Pnomh Penh’s hopes for partnership with the United States fell through. After Washington passed the Cambodia  Democracy Act in 2018 in support of the Cambodian opposition, it became clear that the US was ready to use legal instruments against Pnomh Penh to pursue its interests in the region.
  • Category: Analytics |
  • Date: 14-05-2019, 12:23
  • Views: 471
Portugal is a major geographical link in the European leg of China’s New Silk Road project (NSR). A visit by Chinese President Xi Jinping to Lisbon on December 4-5, 2018 produced seventeen cooperation agreements thereby reaffirming the two parties' readiness to expand economic partnership. China is Portugal’s top trading partner in Asia, with bilateral trade steadily on the rise amounting to $5.6 billion in 2017.
  • Category: Experts |
  • Date: 9-04-2019, 13:08
  • Views: 425
On March 1, with all due pomp and circumstance, Poland marked the National Remembrance Day of Cursed Soldiers (Żołnierze wyklęci) with the president, prime-minister and other top officials attending a ceremony commemorating members of the anti-Communist underground that existed between 1946 and 1953. Introduced in 2011, the Remembrance Day exacerbates tensions already existing between Poland and its neighbors and stemming from the controversial image of the "cursed soldiers" painted by official propaganda.