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He is called the outstanding Polish composer of the twentieth century, and one of the most important to have created work after Chopin. Hailing from the remote province of Little Russia, half- Polish, half German, he went on to became the musical Olympus of Warsaw, where he arrived as a young man, enrolling at the local conservatory in 1901, and he remained gloriously renowned for many years. Karol Szymanowski was born in 1882 in the Russian Empire, in the small village of Tymoshowka (now in the Cherkasy region of the Ukraine).

  • Category: Experts |
  • Date: 21-10-2013, 15:03
  • Views: 2 378

With the arrival of Barack Obama in the White House, Washington began an active revitalization of US -Turkish relations in all directions. With the revitalization of American policy toward the Middle East, this was a necessity, and it was important to Washington to combine its hegemonic aspirations with Ankara's regional ambitions. The increased attention that the United States administration has devoted to Turkey is indicated by the repeatedly increasing number of articles in the American media devoted to this country in the context of Middle Eastern events, and the American "think tanks" have launched thematic programs on Turkey and its policies.

  • Category: Experts |
  • Date: 21-10-2013, 14:48
  • Views: 2 357

The continuing involvement of the United States in various military campaigns reminds us of the popular quote:  "God invented war to teach Americans geography." The permanent participation in low-intensity military conflicts has become the hallmark of the American army in recent times. Iraq, Somalia, Yugoslavia, Afghanistan, then Iraq again, Libya and now Syria - the list can go on forever.

  • Category: Experts |
  • Date: 2-10-2013, 16:14
  • Views: 2 669

The grave of Todor Minkov, an outstanding Bulgarian enlightener, was discovered in a state of total neglect in the midst of a historical cemetery in Drahichyn, Belarus, in 2012 [1]. On January 4, 2013, a convention, attended by diplomats from the embassy of Bulgaria in Belarus, gathered in Mensk to commemorate Minkov's birthday (January 2, 1830) [2]. Shortly after the finding of the burial site was reported on TV in the Open Format show, the place was carefully rebuilt by volunteers from the cadet corps of the city of Slonim who thus expressed their regard for the legacy of Minkov, a principal of one of the first youth military schools in Belarus.

  • Category: Experts |
  • Date: 3-07-2013, 15:06
  • Views: 3 177

"An Orthodox Pole," sounds as unusual as a "Russian Catholic." The Polish national character is as inseparable from Catholicism as the Russian character is from Orthodoxy. But there is not only a Catholic Poland, but an Orthodox Poland.

Who ever happens to have been in eastern Poland, could see Catholic churches with obvious features of Byzantine architecture. These are former Orthodox churches, taken over by Catholics. The transfer of Orthodox churches under the jurisdiction of the Polish Catholic church took place for various reasons. One of these was the desire to strengthen the influence of Catholicism in eastern Poland, another was because of the small number of parishioners, and there were other reasons.  It was a particularly difficult time for the followers of Polish Orthodoxy as it came during the so-called rehabilitation - the time of the rule of Jozef Pilsudski, when all over the country Orthodox holy sites were destroyed, which in the eyes of Polish Patriots personified Russian influence. Under the guise of fighting the Russian imperial legacy, churches were torn down, and pressure put on the Orthodox congregation, which had to live in a climate of extreme tension and anti-orthodox phobia.

  • Category: Experts |
  • Date: 14-06-2013, 19:26
  • Views: 8 078

Who has more rights to human rights?

Washington believes that one of the achievements of its propaganda and diplomatic machinery was that after a meeting in Helsinki in 1975, they managed to make the so-called “third basket “which in the main placed emphasis on human rights. Decade after decade, the United States used the "third basket" as an important weapon of foreign policy influence. Tectonic upheavals happened in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union in the late 80's and 90's. The twentieth century convinced the Americans of the effectiveness of the chosen instrument ... In the end; Washington began to claim almost a monopoly in the field of human rights and the role of final arbiter in determining who is observing them, and who is not. And the more accusations put forward about others, the more hobbled became America`s own practice in this area. Claims to an absolute right, are absolutely ruined by absolute power. Russia has tried to respond to the constant assaults in this regard, but sluggishly, working on the principle: "You do not touch us, and we will not touch you." And then, finally, it looks like the ice broke.

On October 22, 2012 the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation presented the first special report on the human rights situation in the United States, and brought it to be heard in the State Duma. The strength of the document is that it refers to the systemic problems facing American society, and this is all illustrated by convincing examples. The report presented by the Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov stressed, "That the treatment of human rights in the U.S. are is far from perfect, and even sometimes resemble something from another era."

Uncle Sam, you're wrong!


The fundamental political rights of Americans in today's society, not only are not exempt from elements of an archaic character, but they have become even more vulnerable, and even more manipulated. Uncle Sam (Uncle Sam is a US image, that personifies the state machine in the eyes of Americans) is increasingly dominating them.
Elections arouse the most criticism. The U.S. president is still not elected by direct popular election, and instead by Electoral College. Many rightly believe this system to be obsolete and undemocratic. With it, in particular, the voice of a resident of Delaware or North Dakota carries mathematically much more weight (measured by the ratio of voters to the number of electors from the state), than the voice of the voters in the larger states, such as California or New York. Down to this system, three times in the history of the U.S., the President elected has been a candidate with fewer votes than his opponent (the last time was George W. Bush in 2000) ... and Gerald Ford was not even elected. At first, he was co-opted by the Republican National Committee in place of thieving Vice President Spiro Agnew, and then automatically took the place of Nixon who departed from his post because of the Watergate scandal.

  • Category: --- |
  • Date: 5-11-2012, 14:00
  • Views: 9 062

Uncle Sam and the "matrix of justice"


A very special topic in the report by the Russian Foreign Ministry on human rights in the U.S on the partial review of offences committed by the American side, is in the absolutely abhorrent practice of extrajudicial killings abroad.
As part of the "war on terror" Washington has developed highly specific approaches, the application of which has not only massively violated many international legal norms, but killed thousands of innocent people ... There is, for example, the "innovative thinking" concept of just wars, known since ancient times, on the basis of which the so-called  "Matrix of justice" has developed. The authorship of this idea is attributed to President Obama's adviser on counter-terrorism, the Deputy Assistant to the National Security and a CIA veteran, John Brennan.
The "Matrix of justice" is, in fact a hit list, using which the “enemies of America “are to be destroyed without trial on the approval of the President of the United States.  The hit list is updated regularly - some have already been consumed, someone else is waiting for their turn. So far, it has mostly been people from al-Qaeda and related groups, but if you want to, the criteria for the "matrix" can be extended. After all, in addition to already having slaughtered about 3 thousand people or so, the actual number of victims is many times greater than this, or as it is known in the American vernacular, collateral damage. To avoid "spilling the blood of our boys” the recent plan to implement the" matrix of justice "is performed mainly by drones which can be deployed anywhere in the world.

According to the Bureau of Investigative Journalism, in the period from 2004 to 2012, with the help of such devices the CIA has made at least 327 strikes in Pakistan. As a result of which, between 2.5 to 3.2 thousand people died, including 482-852 peaceful Pakistani civilians (175 of them - children).  In an air strike on the village of Datta-Khel in March 2011, more than 40 civilians were killed. During similar operations in Yemen 58-149 civilians were killed (24-31 - children), and in Somalia - 11-57 civilians (1-3 children).

  • Category: --- |
  • Date: 5-11-2012, 14:00
  • Views: 4 925

What else is in the third basket from Uncle Sam?


The Russian Foreign Ministry report on human rights in the United States, along with other crimes, recorded numerous cases of police abuse. In January 2009, the American edition of the Emergency Medicine Journal published the results of a survey of doctors in emergency rooms. The study involved 315 doctors, and almost all the respondents (98%) reported that they had at least once in their career seen patients who had been victims of police abuse.

According to the NGO, "Amnesty International", in the period from 2001 to February 2012, at least 500 people in the U.S. died from police use of stun guns during arrest or during detention. In 2011, after being stopped by California police for a traffic violation, 43-year-old A. Kephart died. An autopsy revealed that he was struck by stun gun 16 times, yet none of the three officers was punished.
Various offenses of a sexual nature (sexual harassment, sexual abuse, rape, etc.) are regular. According to data available in the public domain, in 2010 alone 618 police officers were convicted for this type of conduct, while in 180 of these cases minors were the targets of the violence. Human rights activists say that the level of sexual crime among American police is much higher than in the U.S. population as a whole.
Claims of excessive force by police have been received from members of the movement "Occupy Wall Street" which acts against social inequality. In October 2011, in Oakland, California, police fractured the skull of 24-year-old Iraqi war veteran S. Olsen, leaving him without the power of speech for some time. In November 2011, the Seattle police used tear gas against a crowd of protesters, including 84-year-old activist D.Reyni, a priest and a 19-year-old pregnant woman. In January 2012, in Oakland 400 people were arrested on charges of vandalism and failure to disperse, and, according to the detainees they were not given the opportunity to voluntarily obey the authorities.

  • Category: --- |
  • Date: 5-11-2012, 14:00
  • Views: 6 746

Surveys conducted across the US show thatthe majority of Americans, including senior citizens old enough to remember the US entry into World War II, regard the September, 11, 2001 drama as exceeding in historical importance the 1941 Pearl Harbor attack. Speaking of the latter, these days it is an open secret that the US Administration was aware of the coming Japanese offensive and, instead of taking adequate measures beforehand, knowingly sacrificed around 1,500 lives to have the country drawn into a war as planned in Washington. US Secretary of War Henry Stimson rote in his diary following the November 25, 1941 government meeting: “The question was how we should maneuver them [the Japanese] into the position of firing the first shot without allowing too much danger to ourselves. It was a difficult proposition”.