American Involvement in Wars From Colonial Times to the Present Wars From 1675 to the Present Day

11:03 18.05.2022 • By Martin Kelly

Из источника «ThoughtCo» а part of the «Dotdash Meredith» publishing family

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America has been involved in wars large and small since before the founding of the nation. The first such war, sometimes called Metacom’s Rebellion or King Philip's War, lasted 14 months and destroyed 14 towns.1 The war, tiny by today's standards, ended when Metacom (the Pokunoket chief called "King Philip" by the English), was beheaded.

The most recent war, America's engagement in Afghanistan, is the most protracted war in U.S. history. A response to devastating coordinated terrorist attacks on American soil on Sept. 11, 2001, this war began the following month when the U.S. invaded Afghanistan in search of Taliban forces and members of al-Qaeda. U.S. troops remain there to this day.

Wars over the years have changed dramatically, and American involvement in them has varied as well. For example, many of the earliest American wars were fought on American soil. Twentieth-century wars such as World Wars I and II, by contrast, were fought overseas; few Americans on the homefront saw any type of direct engagement during these. While the attack on Pearl Harbor during World War II and the attack on the World Trade Center in 2001 resulted in thousands of American deaths, the most recent war fought on American soil was the Civil War, which ended in 1865.

Chart of Wars With American Involvement

In addition to the following named wars and conflicts, members of the American military (and some civilians) have played small but active roles in many other international conflicts over the years.

Dates

War in Which American Colonists or United States Citizens Officially Participated

Major Combatants

July 4, 1675– August 12, 1676

King Philip's War

New England Colonies vs. Wampanoag, Narragansett, and Nipmuck peoples

1689–1697

King William's War

The English Colonies vs. France

1702–1713

Queen Anne's War (War of Spanish Succession)

The English Colonies vs. France

1744–1748

King George's War (War of Austrian Succession)

The French Colonies vs. Great Britain

1756–1763

French and Indian War (Seven Years War)

The French Colonies vs. Great Britain

1759–1761

Cherokee War

English Colonists vs. Cherokee Nation

1775–1783

American Revolution

English Colonists vs. Great Britain

1798–1800

Franco-American Naval War

United States vs. France

1801–1805; 1815

Barbary Wars

United States vs. Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli

1812–1815

War of 1812

United States vs. Great Britain

1813–1814

Creek War

United States vs. Creek Nation

1836

War of Texas Independence

Texas vs. Mexico

1846–1848

Mexican-American War

United States vs. Mexico

1861–1865

U.S. Civil War

Union vs. Confederacy

1898

Spanish-American War

United States vs. Spain

1914–1918

World War I

Triple Alliance: Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary vs. Triple Entente: Britain, France, and Russia. The United States joined on the side of the Triple Entente in 1917

1939-1945

World War II

Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan vs. Major Allied Powers: United States, Great Britain, France, and Russia

1950–1953

Korean War

United States (as part of the United Nations) and South Korea vs. North Korea and Communist China

1960–1975

Vietnam War

United States and South Vietnam vs. North Vietnam

1961

Bay of Pigs Invasion

United States vs. Cuba

1971-1973 

Laos bombardment

 

1983

Grenada

United States intervention

1989

U.S. Invasion of Panama

United States vs. Panama

1990–1991

Persian Gulf War

United States and Coalition Forces vs. Iraq

1995–1996

Intervention in Bosnia and Herzegovina

United States as part of NATO acted as peacekeepers in former Yugoslavia

2001–2021

Invasion of Afghanistan

United States and Coalition Forces vs. the Taliban regime in Afghanistan to fight terrorism

2003–2011

Invasion of Iraq

United States and Coalition Forces vs. Iraq

2004–present

War in Northwest Pakistan

United States vs. Pakistan, mainly drone attacks

2007–present

Somalia and Northeastern Kenya

United States and Coalition forces vs. al-Shabaab militants

2009–2016

Operation Ocean Shield (Indian Ocean)

NATO allies vs. Somali pirates

2011

Intervention in Libya

U.S. and NATO allies vs. Libya

2011–2017

Lord's Resistance Army

U.S. and allies against the Lord's Resistance Army in Uganda

2014–2017

U.S.-led Intervention in Iraq

U.S. and coalition forces against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria

2014–present

U.S.-led intervention in Syria

U.S. and coalition forces against al-Qaeda, ISIS, and Syria

2015–present

Yemeni Civil War

Saudi-led coalition and U.S., France, and Kingdom against the Houthi rebels, Supreme Political Council in Yemen, and allies

2015–present

U.S. intervention in Libya

U.S. and Libya against ISIS