Much ado and… such modest results
Though Russia has been increasingly isolated from the West and certain Western-led institutions (this map), Vladimir Putin’s meetings in Tehran point to a different and altogether more unsettling phenomenon, emphasizes “The National Interest”.
The agreement, which was negotiated by Ukraine, Turkey, Russia, and the United Nations, sets forth a framework for the resumption of global grain shipments out of Ukraine. The deal provides for the creation of a “control center,” staffed by UN, Turkish, Russian, and Ukrainian officials, in Istanbul to monitor and coordinate grain exports out of a designated maritime safe corridor. The arrangement covers food exports from the Ukrainian port cities of Odessa, Chernomorsk, and Yuzhny.
The four participating parties reached a preliminary agreement as early as last week, but the deal had to be greenlit by Putin. Putin met with Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan earlier this week to finalize the agreement, and thanked his Turkish counterpart for Ankara’s proactive efforts to mediate a grain export deal over the past several months.
Putin arrived in Iran on Tuesday to meet with Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. Tehran offered a statement of full-fledged support for Russia’s war effort in Ukraine: “War is a hostile, harsh matter & the Islamic Republic never favors seeing ordinary people afflicted by wars. However, in the issue of Ukraine, had Russia not initiated taking action, the other side would have started a war,” tweeted Khamenei. “NATO is a dangerous entity. The West is totally opposed to a strong, independent Russia. If the way is opened for NATO, it will recognize no limits. If it hadn’t been stopped in Ukraine, it would have later started a similar war in Crimea,” Khamenei added.
Russia and Iran found common cause in bucking Western sanctions; Russia’s Gazprom gas giant inked a $40 billion deal with the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) to help Iranian producers develop oil and gas fields across the country.
Also on Tuesday, Putin attended a trilateral summit with Erdogan and Iranian president Ebrahim Raisi to discuss the conflict in Syria. Russia and Iran have emerged as key backers of embattled Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad, while Turkey supports anti-government factions in the country’s north.
The grain deal capped off a week of Russian diplomacy that experts say was intended to show that the Western campaign to isolate Moscow economically and politically has failed. “I think the Russians would spin the meeting as a demonstration that they’re not actually isolated, they’re still a major player in the Middle East,” John Drennan of the U.S. Institute of Peace told CNBC. “But I do think, to [National Security Council spokesman John Kirby’s] point,” he added, referencing Kirby’s earlier assertion that Putin’s Mideast trip that “shows the degree to which Mr. Putin and Russia are increasingly ‘isolated’.”
Though Russia has been increasingly isolated from the West and certain Western-led institutions, Putin’s meetings in Tehran point to a different and altogether more unsettling phenomenon: despite ongoing attempts by European and U.S. policymakers to marshal a united global front against the Kremlin, a substantial part of the non-Western world has maintained neutrality or, as in the case of China and Iran, explicitly endorsed Russia’s framing of the conflict.
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